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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104-110

Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among population of Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia

1 Students, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ali Ghannam A Almuhawwis
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar 31991
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_26_17

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Background Awareness of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and risk factors has been linked to the prevalence of CVDs. Objective The current study was conducted to compare the prevalence of CVDs risk factors among male and female populations in Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia. Participants and methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in three randomly chosen primary health care centers in Arar City. A total of 401 Saudi nationals were included. Results Most (59.1%) of female and 44.5% of males did not check their blood glucose (P<0.05). The majority (61.7%) of female and 44.1% of males did not check their blood pressure (P<0.05). Most (98.7%) of females and 50.6% of male were nonsmokers. Most (82.6 and 80.5%) of males and females ate fruits less than three times per week, 69.6% of females and 53.5% of males performed light physical exercise, whereas 12.1% of males and 7.1% of females did not perform physical exercise at all (P<0.05). Between male and female, the mean BMI was 27.49±5.4 and 26.23±13.4, the mean intake of fruits per week was 2.80±1.73 and 3.77±1.99 days, and the mean vegetable intake per week was 4.19±1.97 and 5.87±1.85 days, with no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion and recommendations The prevention of CVDs is based on the control of several risk factors and associated conditions. Specific studies or programs are needed to raise the awareness of what CVDs are, its risk factors, and how to control or modify it.

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