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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 126-129

Effects of adopting preventive measures on malaria parasitemia among pregnant women in Kaduna state, Nigeria

1 Department of Medical Laboratory Services, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, FCT Abuja, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
4 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
5 Institute of Human Virology, Abuja, Nigeria
6 Department and Obstetric and Gynaecology, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, FCT Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Idris Abdullahi Nasir
Department of Medical Laboratory Services, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, PMB 228 Gwagwalada, FCT Abuja
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-1693.200151

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Background There are several malaria preventive measures. The availability of a particular method does not guarantee its adherence and effective usage. This eventually may not provide the desired results for the fight against malaria. Pregnant women are at higher risk of contracting malaria, and therefore it is necessary that they should be protected against the infection. Objective of the study This cross-sectional study investigated the significant roles of various preventive measures against malaria infection among pregnant women attending four selected secondary health facilities in Kaduna state, Nigeria. Materials and methods Blood samples were collected from 353 pregnant women attending selected hospitals. Malaria parasite microscopy was conducted on the basis of standard protocols. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain data with regard to subject knowledge and practice of preventive measures against malaria. Results Out of the 353 subjects tested, 79 (22.4%) had malaria parasitaemia. One hundred and fifteen (32.6%) subjects used no preventive measure, 45 (12.7%) used sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine prophylaxis, 53 (15.0%) used insecticide treated nets (ITNs), 72 (20.4%) used indoor insecticide house spray, while 68 (19.3%) used > 1 preventive measures. Out of the 79 subjects infected with malaria, 57 (72.2%) do not know how to prevent malaria, while 22 (27.8%) had prior knowledge of malaria prevention. Highest cases (41 [51.9%]) of malaria parasitaemia were recorded in women with no knowledge of preventive measures during pregnancy, while women who used > 1 measures have the least cases (5 [6.3%]) of malaria parasitaemia. There was statistical association between the use of preventive measures and decreased malaria parasitaemia (P < 0.0001). Conclusion Findings from this study revealed that there is need for more sensitization campaigns on available malaria preventive measures. Also, the combination of preventive methods should be considered by pregnant women in order to minimize their chances of acquiring malaria.

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