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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-13

Dieulafoy's lesion: new diagnosis using high-definition endoscopy and treatment with isoamyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Amcrylate)

1 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Tropical Medicine), Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Abd Elrazek M Ali Abd Elrazek
Liver Transplantation, Department of GIT, Aswan Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-1693.180462

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Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) is a rare but important cause of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, accounting for up to 6% of the cases of nonvariceal bleeding in the upper GI tract and 1–2% of all GI hemorrhages. Mortality rates are similar to those of other causes for GI bleeding. Following our strategy, an expert endoscopist with a skilled assistant should have a high rate of successful DL diagnosis when an obscured GI lesion is suspected. In our seven-case study, we think it was feasible to use high-definition Fujinon intelligent chromoendoscopy to diagnose DL. Isoamyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Amcrylate) was effective and safe for treating DL as well as were other strategies, including ethanolamine oleate, band ligation, and n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. Surgical wedge resection of the lesion should be considered as a therapeutic option if endoscopic therapy fails.

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